Biological diversity is often understood in terms of the wide variety of plants, animals and microorganisms, but it also includes genetic differences within each species — for example, between varieties of crops and breeds of livestock — and the variety of ecosystems (lakes, forest, deserts, agricultural landscapes) that host multiple kind of interactions among their members (humans, plants, animals).
The International Day for Biological Diversity is a United Nations–sanctioned international day for the promotion of biodiversity issues. Every year this held on May 22. This year the theme is “Our solutions are in nature,” reminds us that biodiversity is the basis for a sustainable future. The International Day for Biological Diversity falls within the scope of the UN Post-2015 Development Agenda's Sustainable Development Goals.
In this larger initiative of international cooperation, the topic of biodiversity concerns stakeholders in sustainable agriculture; desertification, land degradation and drought; water and sanitation; health and sustainable development; energy; science, technology and innovation, knowledge-sharing and capacity-building; urban resilience and adaptation; sustainable transport; climate change and disaster risk reduction; oceans and seas; forests; vulnerable groups including indigenous peoples; and food security. This year’s International Day for Biological Diversity is a day on which we can reflect on the value of nature, and recommit to protecting it, so that it can continue to protect and support us, says Executive Secretary Amy Fraenkel.