In 2013, Sparrow became the state bird of Bihar; however, their count is declining day by day. Sparrow comes in the least concern conservation category under the red list of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Sparrow (Goraya) is also culturally prominent in Bihar; many people had lived a part of their childhood with the chirping of the bird.
For conservation and protection of Sparrow, the Society for Environmental & Sustainable Development, Nalanda, Bihar and Bihar Paryavaran Sanrakshan Abhiyan, Bihar voices unit to protect state bird. On the occasion of World Environment Day (June 5, 2020), signature of the Sparrow Conservation Campaign will be organized across the district.
Basically, due to globalization and industrialization, there has been a lot of change in human lifestyle, which has a direct impact on the sparrows population. The house of man has grown, but the heart has become small for this little sparrow. Due to which its number has decreased from 60 to 80% in the past decades.
On the occasion of World Environment Day, A signature campaign will be launched to create awareness among the people about its conservation. And it will be appealed that everyone should join hands to save this extinct species. The signed copy will be handed over to the district administration so that the government and administration can cooperate. It needs extensive research and work together on the ground for sparrow to return home.
Rajeev Ranjan Pandey and Rahul Kumar, Bihar Paryavaran Sanrakshan Abhiyan, Biharsharif, are supporting and doing workshop with people to install wooden nest in Nalanda district of Bihar.